Tamiflu oseltamivir phosphate is an antiviral drug. It works by attacking the flu virus to keep it from multiplying in your body and by reducing the symptoms of the flu. Tamiflu can sometimes keep you from getting the flu if you take it before you get sick.
The term "flu" refers to illness caused by the influenza virus. The flu is a respiratory infection that can cause symptoms such as fever, chills, aches and pains, cough, and sore throat. The flu can range from mild common cold symptoms, to the typical "flu" symptoms described above, to life-threatening pneumonia and other complications, including secondary bacterial infections.
Tamiflu is used to treat people 2 weeks of age and older who have the flu influenza A and B viruses. Tamiflu is also sometimes used for prevention prophylaxis of the flu in people 1 year of age and older, but it is not a substitute for getting the flu vaccine. Getting the flu vaccine is the best way to protect against getting the flu and to control the spread of the flu.
Other important parts of avoiding flu include avoiding unnecessary close contact between sick and well people, covering coughs and sneezes, and washing hands frequently.
More information on flu vaccines and other flu control measures is available on the Flu. What do the terms treatment of the flu and prevention prophylaxis of the flu mean? Treatment is used when a person is given Tamiflu because they have the signs and symptoms of the flu or have been diagnosed with the flu. Tamiflu has been shown to lessen the amount of time people are sick with the flu. Prevention prophylaxis is a term used when someone who does not have flu symptoms is given Tamiflu to help stop them from getting the flu because they are exposed to or come into close contact with someone for example live with or take care of someone who has the flu.
Area pharmacies out of Tamiflu due to high demand
Do I take Tamiflu the same way for treatment and prevention prophylaxis of the flu? The number of times a day frequency and the number of days duration that you take Tamiflu are different for treatment and prevention of the flu. Your healthcare provider will tell you how to take Tamiflu.
Take it exactly as your healthcare provider prescribes. If flu symptoms do not go away, or if new symptoms develop while taking Tamiflu, people should contact their healthcare provider.The influenza virus, usually referred to simply as the flu, is common and profoundly contagious. It can cause serious complications in infected individuals, especially children.
Tamiflu oseltamivir is an antiviral medication prescribed to counteract the flu virus in people at least 2 weeks old who have had symptoms -- fever, chills, body aches and pains, cough, fatigue -- for less than 2 days. Even though studies show that Tamiflu can decrease the duration and severity of the flu, children may not be apt to take it because of its unpleasant taste. Tamiflu works by preventing the influenza virus from efficiently attacking and replicating in the cells of its host.
As such, the World Health Organization recommends this medicine as a first-line defense against the widespread form of the influenza A virus, H1N1. The sooner after exposure to flu a person receives treatment, the more effective Tamiflu is at preventing illness. Unlike vaccination, which requires the body to build up antibodies over time, Tamiflu protects immediately. Thus, it is also prescribed to lessen the spread of the flu in susceptible people over the age of 1.
Research suggests that Tamiflu can help with the duration of flu symptoms in children, as well as its complications. A clinical trial published in the February "The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal" showed that Tamiflu cut the length of symptoms such as headache, low energy and muscle pain by 36 hours and fever by 25 hours, when compared with children who received no treatment. Another study published in the June "The Medscape Journal of Medicine" showed that children under 12 who took Tamiflu within 1 day after influenza exposure were 53 percent less likely to develop pneumonia, 28 percent less likely to develop respiratory illnesses and 39 percent less likely to develop ear infections than children who received no treatment 1.
Even with its worth established, it may be challenging to persuade children to take the medication because of its unpleasant taste.
Tamiflu is prescribed in liquid or capsule form, and it may be taken with or without food. Children may tolerate it better by taking it with a sweet, thick liquid such as chocolate syrup, which will mask its strong flavor. In order for the medication to work properly, all of it must be ingested by the child. It is, therefore, imperative that all of the dose -- be it liquid or powder from a capsule -- be mixed in with the thick liquid. Leaving out any of the medication or taking only part of the syrup mixture could result in delivery of an inaccurate dose and incomplete protection from the flu.
Warning signs of flu in a child that warrant emergency medical care include: -- Labored or difficulty breathing.
Tamiflu is an antiviral medication prescribed to counteract the flu virus in people at least 2 weeks old who have had symptoms -- fever, chills, body aches and pains, cough, fatigue -- for less than 2 days. Poor feeding or unable to keep food down. Juniper Russo, an eclectic autodidact, has been writing professionally since Her work has appeared in several online and print-based publications, including Animal Wellness. Russo regularly publishes health-related content and advocates an evidence-based, naturopathic approach to health care.
Monitor the health of your community here. More Articles. Diseases and Injuries. Written by Juniper Russo.One of the hardest tasks a parent has is to give their children medicines. As a result, many parents have to resort to force, threats and bribery to ensure their kids take their prescriptions. The techniques all revolved around masking medicine flavours to make them more palatable. This list has been compiled based on the numerous discussions we have had with our customers and is by no means complete.
By experimenting and using your imagination, this list may continue to grow. Please remember this list is broad and if you or your child is on a restricted diet some of these options my not be suitable. These syrups can also be used to disguise other medicines.
All you need to do is simply open up the capsule and dissolve the powder in the syrup. Please feel free to give us a call to organise some free samples. There are so many wonderful, delicious juice recipes out there, the list is endless. Homemade smoothies are another popular idea. These drinks are also a good way to include fruits and vegetables that may not be eaten otherwise.
You may like to try hiding medicines in yoghurt if allowed. This is another way to include some natural probiotics.
This way you know the entire dose has been taken in a few mouthfuls. If the medicine you are hiding is not dissolving, this probably means it is not water soluble and may need to be mixed into an oil or semi-solid food for best results. Using a small handheld mixer can also help blend in suborn preparations. It is also a good idea for parents to try and educate their children about medicines as early as possible. Explain to them that although they may not taste very nice, they are essential to help sick children get better and that taking medication is something that all people, young and old, do when they are unwell.
I hope these have been helpful. My daughter is quite sick. She needs to take oral capsules but because of her being small she cant swallow the medication. My question is, can I open the capsule and mix the medication in a drink for her to take?
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
Non Water Soluble Medicines If the medicine you are hiding is not dissolving, this probably means it is not water soluble and may need to be mixed into an oil or semi-solid food for best results. Share An antibiotic is different from an antiviral. Antibiotics fight bacteria; antivirals fight viruses. The flu is a virus, and Tamiflu is an antiviral medicine.
It is used to treat the flu influenza in people 2 weeks of age and older who have had flu symptoms for no more than 2 days. Tamiflu can also reduce the chance of getting the flu in people 1 year of age and older.
In a study of children years old, Tamiflu helped children get better up to 1. To help prevent the spread of the flu virus, remind your child to wash his or her hands frequently and cough or sneeze into tissues.More Warnings About Tamiflu Side Effects For Kids
Taking antiviral Tamiflu may also help prevent the flu in young children. In a study of children years old who were exposed to the flu, taking Tamiflu reduced their chance of getting the flu. Learn How to Give Tamiflu to Children. Tamiflu is a prescription medicine used to treat the flu influenza in people 2 weeks of age and older who have had flu symptoms for no more than 2 days.
Tamiflu can also reduce the chance of getting the flu in people 1 year and older. Tamiflu is not recommended for people with end-stage renal disease ESRD who are not receiving dialysis. Do not take Tamiflu if you are allergic to oseltamivir phosphate or any of the ingredients in Tamiflu. Please see the Tamiflu full Prescribing Information for complete important safety information.
You are encouraged to report side effects to Genentech by calling or to the FDA by visiting www. The information contained in this section of the site is intended for U. Click "OK" if you are a healthcare professional. The link you have selected will take you away from this site to one that is not owned or controlled by Genentech, Inc.
Genentech does not recommend and does not endorse the content on any third-party websites. Your use of third-party websites is at your own risk and subject to the terms and conditions of use for such sites. Antiviral Tamiflu in liquid form is FDA-approved to treat flu in people 2 weeks of age and older.
Opening and Mixing Tamiflu® Capsules with Liquids if Child Cannot Swallow Capsules
Antibiotic vs. Preventive Actions to Fight the Flu. Tamiflu does not prevent bacterial infections that may happen with the flu. Tamiflu is not a substitute for an annual flu vaccination. If you have an allergic reaction or a severe rash with Tamiflu, stop taking it and contact your doctor right away.
This may be very serious People with the flu, particularly children and adolescents, may be at an increased risk of seizure, confusion, or abnormal behavior early during their illness Let your doctor know if you are pregnant, nursing, have heart problems, breathing problems, a weakened immune system immunocompromisedkidney problems or other medical conditions as Tamiflu may not be right for you Also tell your doctor about any medications you are taking or if you've received a nasal-spray flu vaccine in the past two weeks The most common side effects are nausea, vomiting, headache and pain Please see the Tamiflu full Prescribing Information for complete important safety information.When your child has a viral infection that requires the prescription drug Tamiflu, the hardest part can be getting him or her to simply take the medication.
Even a healthy child finds medicine unpalatable. Add in the fussiness and frustration that comes with an illness, and you probably have very unreasonable child on your hands. Expect the resistance and prepare to handle it as best as you can. Use a plastic measuring syringe or dropper if you have an infant or a smaller child.
When administering the medication, shoot for the back of the throat or inside the cheek. This will help make it less likely that your child will taste the Tamiflu, and subsequently spit out. Give your child a special spoon to take the medication with. Allow him or her to pick it out at the store.
Let your older kids control over the Tamiflu by allowing him or her to decide when it will be taken.
This could be after breakfast, before dinner or during a nightly reading session. Find ways to help your child realize that the medicine will help make him or her feel better. Give him a goal, such as a trip to the movies or an amusement park. Remind your sick little one that this trip can only be possible after the illness and the medication are over.
Dip the spoon in chocolate syrup or sugar. Place the medication onto the sweet spoon before it is given. Ask your pediatrician if it is acceptable to use chocolate syrup or sugar in conjunction with the Tamiflu. Residing in Chippewa Falls, Wis. Specializing in pop culture, film and television, her work appears on Star Reviews and various other websites. Zinski is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in history at the University of Wisconsin.
How to Give a Child Azithromycin. Share on Facebook. Offer your child a favorite drink, but only after the Tamiflu is ingested. Tip Ask your pediatrician if it is acceptable to use chocolate syrup or sugar in conjunction with the Tamiflu.The flu continues to be active across the U.
Increased demand due to the severe flu season has led to local shortages of flu medications. Tamiflu, or the generic version, is an antiviral medication used to treat flu symptoms caused by the influenza virus in patients who have had symptoms for fewer than two days. Generally, the liquid version is for kids, and the pill form is for adults. Some parents have told WAVE 3 News that they had to go to several different pharmacies because places are running out or running low on Tamiflu.
WAVE 3 News called a few pharmacies in Louisville on Monday and some said they had Tamiflu in stock, a few said they were out completely or only had a few more left because of the high demand. Your best bet is to call your area pharmacies to see if they have it in stock. Howell-Berg warned that one out of 10 children end up with another infection on top of the flu, like an ear infection, strep, or pneumonia.
If your kids are taking the liquid form of Tamiflu, be forewarned that it does not taste good and some kids have a hard time taking it.
A helpful tip doctors share is to mix it with either chocolate or strawberry syrup to mask the taste. Side effects of Tamiflu include: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, headache, nosebleed, eye redness or discomfort, sleep problems insomniaor cough or other respiratory problems. This may be more likely in children. Tell your doctor of any signs of unusual behavior, including confusion, agitation, or self-injury.
If you or your child has the flu, but you are not experiencing any of these signs of a medical emergency, it is very unlikely that you need to go to the emergency room. There are certain times when a person with the flu does need to seek emergency medical treatment. Watch for these signs of an emergency when you have the flu:.
Top Story Area pharmacies out of Tamiflu due to high demand. Hagmann said she hopes that her kids will be on the mend soon. All rights reserved.During these challenging times, we guarantee we will work tirelessly to support you. We will continue to give you accurate and timely information throughout the crisis, and we will deliver on our mission — to help everyone in the world learn how to do anything — no matter what.
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We will get through this together. We live in a time where numerous illnesses and conditions can be treated with just a few pills or spoonfuls of liquid. Unfortunately for us, many medicines come with a bitter and unpleasant taste that can make taking them more difficult.
There are, however, a few ways you can overcome a medicine's taste and keep yourself healthy at the same time. To swallow bitter pills, try crushing them with a mortar and pestle and mixing the powder into food, such as ice cream, chocolate pudding, or syrup.
Always check with your pharmacist first, as some pills, such as Oxycontin, can be dangerous when crushed. Alternatively, you can suck on an ice cube or ice pop until your mouth is numb before swallowing your pills, which will help disguise the taste. If your medicine is in a liquid form, try mixing it into a strongly-flavored drink, like fruit juice, to disguise the taste. You can also chill the medicine for an hour in the refrigerator to reduce its bitter taste.
For more tips form our Medical co-author, including how to "chase" medicine with a pleasant drink, read on! Did this summary help you? Yes No. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet?
Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Explore this Article Swallowing Liquid Medicine. Swallowing Pills. Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Article Summary. Part 1 of Check with your pharmacist before mixing your medication. The easiest way to take bitter liquid medicine is by mixing it with a better-tasting drink.